What is Integrated Project Delivery (IPD)?
Integrated Project Delivery, or IPD, is a project delivery method that is distinguished by early collaboration between cross-functional teams, including design, engineering, and construction. By collaboratively harnessing the talents and insights of all participants, the project is optimized to increase value to the owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication, and construction.
The process is defined by early substantive engagement by key stakeholders.
Benefits of IPD
The hallmarks of an IPD project are shared objectives, consensus decision-making, and the use of BIM, or building information modeling, which mean complete collaboration from the start. There are a few key advantages to utilizing IPD:
- Decisions are made as a team, resulting in shared goals.
- Responsibility is shared between teams, which means shared risks and rewards.
- It utilizes multiple skillsets to accomplish shared goals with cross-functional collaboration. This is proven to improve efficiency and quality of results.
- Teams work together across multiple locations—at home or on the go—with access to the most current data.
- Project schedule may be shortened by eliminating handoffs between teams.
IPD is an effective way to deliver a project, but some find that there may be negative effects that could result from choosing this method. Adopting IPD is not easy and requires a functioning high-trust model of partnership and collaboration. It may be difficult to succeed without enthusiastic buy-in from key stakeholders, transparent communication, and adequate training resources.
Project collaboration technology has contributed to the rise of the integrated delivery method, enabling disparate teams to come together around a shared goal, across departments, geographies, and despite existing technical limitations in file-sharing and collaboration.
For a detailed guide to Integrated Project Delivery, download the American Institute of Architecture’s comprehensive guide to IPD projects, outlining contract types, processes, and roles.